Getting Started

PHPStan requires PHP >= 7.1. You have to run it in environment with PHP 7.x but the actual code does not have to use PHP 7.x features. (Code written for PHP 5.6 and earlier can run on 7.x mostly unmodified.)

PHPStan works best with modern object-oriented code. The more strongly-typed your code is, the more information you give PHPStan to work with.

Properly annotated and typehinted code (class properties, function and method arguments, return types) helps not only static analysis tools but also other people that work with the code to understand it.

Installation #

To start performing analysis on your code, require PHPStan in Composer:

composer require --dev phpstan/phpstan

Composer will install PHPStan’s executable in its bin-dir which defaults to vendor/bin.

You can also download the latest PHAR and just use that. But without Composer, you won’t be able to install and use PHPStan extensions.

Head here if you want to use PHPStan in Docker.

First run #

To let PHPStan analyse your codebase, you have to use the analyse command and point it to the right directories.

So, for example if you have your classes in directories src and tests, you can run PHPStan like this:

vendor/bin/phpstan analyse src tests

Learn more about command line options »

PHPStan will probably find some errors, but don’t worry, your code might be just fine. Errors found on the first run tend to be:

  • Extra arguments passed to functions (e. g. function requires two arguments, the code passes three)
  • Extra arguments passed to print/sprintf functions (e. g. format string contains one placeholder, the code passes two values to replace)
  • Obvious errors in dead code
  • Unknown symbols - like “class not found”. See Discovering Symbols for more details.

By default, PHPStan runs only the most basic checks. Head to Rule Levels to learn how to turn on stricter checks.

Learn about all the configuration options in the Config Reference.

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